Mimosa hostilis is the old scientific name for Mimosa tenuiflora, and the two names are synonyms. Described by science just 150 years ago, it was later recognized through genetic testing that the Mexican Mimosa tenuiflora described in 1810 is the same species as the Brazilian Mimosa hostilis.
The older name (Mimosa Hostilis), is still widely used due to its presence in literature and since distributors of botanical products still use this name.
On the other hand, there are almost twenty species more popularly known as “jurema”, and most have a high concentration of alkaloids. Only some of them, mainly “jurema-branca”, do not contain tryptamine alkaloids.
DMT is probably the most powerful and enigmatic psychoactive molecule that exists, and even though it is present in one form or another in all living beings, science has not been able to determine its functionality.
Also called the “spirit molecule” and “god molecule”, DMT has been interacting with humans since the dawn of time, and is also the active ingredient in the composition of the ancestral drink ayahuasca.
Currently, Tepezcohuite/jurema is the subject of medical research on its healing, antibiotic and regenerative properties of epithelial cells.
In recent years, it has also gained popularity as an element for the preparation of ayahuasca analogues.
Legislation on Mimosa hostilis / Tenuiflora
Internationally, DMT is a Schedule I drug under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. However, the Commentary to the Convention on Psychotropic Substances states that plants containing it are not subject to international control:
«The cultivation of plants from which psychotropic substances are obtained is not controlled by the Vienna Convention… Neither the crown (fruit, mezcal button) of the Peyote cactus nor the roots of the Mimosa hostilis plant nor the Psilocybe mushrooms are included in the Program 1, but only their respective principles, mescaline, DMT and psilocin.”
DMT – UN report 03/31/2001